Citral. As with all spices, fresh ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds. Abstract. Pushpa S. Murthy. Transactions on Engineering Technologies. There are many chemical compounds in ginger.The most important chemical compound in ginger is an alkaloid called Zingiberene. The major constituents in ginger rhizomes are carbohydrates (50–70%), lipids (3–8%), terpenes, and phenolic compounds [ 10 ]. Ginger is used in two forms- raw or dry. Further discussion centers on synthesis and biosynthesis of pungent compounds of ginger rhizomes, including essential oils of ginger, and their physicochemical properties and chemical composition. Chemical composition of ginger oil . Working off-campus? and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. The active compounds contained in ginger are divided into two groups: volatile essential oils and fragrant or harsh phenol compounds. Ginger contains small quantities of Vitamins B1, B2 and especially B3. With us, he recently ceased to be considered exotic. Zingiber officinale Rosc. Ginger is a spice and medicinal plant gaining attention in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries. dissertation. (2013). Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. There is a separate discussion of essential oils from India, China, and … The chemical composition of the ginger oils (obtained by hydrodistillation) of fresh and dried rhizomes of Nigerian origin were investigated by means of a combination of column chromatography, high resolution gas chromatography (GC) and GC‐MS. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). K. Y. Zhan, “Chemical composition analysis of ginger oil and study on isolation and purification of ginger horseradish,” Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, … https://www.compoundchem.com/2014/11/27/ginger/ […], Explorations of everyday chemical compounds, on The Chemistry of Ginger – Flavour, Pungency & Medicinal Potential, This Week in Chemistry: Bulletproof Graphene, & Blu-Ray Solar Panels, The Chemistry of Ginger – Flavour, Pungency & Medicinal Potential | Compound Interest | shamanistical, 2014 Advent Botany – Day 12 – Ginger (Zingiber officinale) | Culham Research Group, Flavours ginger brings to dishes – How To: POP CULT. The GC and GC-MS analysis of Mizoram, Chennai and Sikkim (Majhauley and Bhainsey varieties) ginger rhizome oils resulted in the identification and quantitation of 29, 29, 28 and 28 constituents representing 84.3%, 86.6%, 88.8% and 86.8% of the total oils, respectively. It can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions. Of these, zingiberene is the most dominant, making up 30% of the root’s essential oil, whilst other contributors to the characteristic flavour of ginger include ß-sesquiphelandrene and ar-curcumene. Cooking produces zingerone, which is less pungent, and is characteristic of the ginger flavour found in gingerbread. The various chemical components identified in the essential oils of officinale are Zingiber shown in Table 2, oxygenated monoterpenes were the dominant constituents in the Z. officinaleoil (10 compounds, 92.12%) of which citral (2, 6octadienal, 3, 7- … Roth Collection of Natural Products Data. Ginger essential oil was collected by steam distillation process. ‘Compound Interest: The Curious Chemistry of Food & Drink’ is available to pre-order now! Gingerol is a beta-hydroxy ketone that is 5-hydroxydecan-3-one substituted by a 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl moiety at position 1; believed to inhibit adipogenesis. Raw ginger is called “Aardraka” and dry ginger is called “Shunti”. Lab tests on human cancer cells have also shown that [6]-shogaol may inhibit cancer growth for ovarian cancer. essential oil, a review on its composition and bioactivity. In this study, we developed a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method that is suitable for the analysis of 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol in a wide variety of ginger-containing dietary supplements, spices, teas, mints, and beverages. Enantiomer separation of the characteristic odorants in Japanese fresh rhizomes of Zingiber officinale Roscoe (ginger) using multidimensional GC system and confirmation of the odour character of each enantiomer by GC–olfactometry. Ginger is also consumed in candied and pickled form. The phytochemistry, proximate composition and medicinal properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) were investigated. An oily-resinous substance dissected from the plant comprising 5 to 10 percent of the plant is called ginerol. ‘Compound Interest: The Curious Chemistry of Food & Drink’ is available to pre-order now! Zingiber officinale Finally, before you go adding a ton of ginger to every meal, note that eating too much can lead to the combined delights of heartburn and diarrhoea – so maybe just continue to enjoy that ginger in moderation! (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as cassumunar-ginger, is a folk remedy for the treatment of inflammations, sprains, rheumatism and asthma. Chemical Composition 4 This oleoresin was then broken down into close to thirty elements. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Extraction. Fresh Ginger also contains vitamin C, but once it … and black ginger (Kaempferia parviflora Wall.) In this study, the chemical composition of F‐Ginger oil and V‐Ginger oil was first compared by GC‐MS, and then their ethanol extracts were further analyzed using the UPLC‐QTOF‐MS/MS. Ginger's Chemical Composition The mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols is behind the special smell and flavor that distinguish ginger. Essential oil constituents of Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K. Schum. In Japan, ginger is pickled to make beni shōga and gari or grated and used raw on tofu or noodles. Among the 54 constituents identified, (E)(E)‐α‐farnesene, viridiflorol and (E)(E)‐farnesal have not been found previously in ginger. See the site’s content usage guidelines. Part I: Data Sheets. The mineral elemental composition of ginger root samples as shown in table II indicated that ginger is rich in essential minerals like: calcium 280.0 mg/100g, Iron 279.7 mg/100g, Zinc 64.0 mg/100g, Manganese 5.90 mg/100g and Copper 8.80 mg/100g. It’s already known that a number of the compounds found in ginger have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties; in a similar manner to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ginger is known to reduce production of prostaglandins by inhibiting the enzymes that help produce them. Air dried ginger samples were analysed for chemical composition at the Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Spices are the building blocks of flavor in foods. It contains circulatory agents that produce blood flow to the scalp. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as cassumunar-ginger, is a folk remedy for the treatment of inflammations, sprains, rheumatism and asthma. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. found in North-central Nigeria: Ginger composition before drying were 1.81% ash, 7.85% fat, 3.06% protein, 9% fiber, and 8.18% carbohydrate. Diversity, characterization and utilization of ginger: a review. In lab conditions, and in mouse models of cancer, it has been shown to have an anti-angiogenic effect; that is, it prevents the formation of new blood cells. Ginger is very rich in minerals such as manganese, phosphor and magnesium, but it also contains calcium, sodium and iron. Results obtained from the analysis of twenty six varieties of ginger showed that volatile oil, acetone extract, crude fibre and starch content varied from 1 to 2.7, 3.9 to 9.3, 4.79 to 9.8 and 40.4 to 59 per cent respectively. in vitro This results in healthier and … Erin Lukas, a stress patch sufferer says, “After about a month, the hairs sprouting on the patch […], […] is ginger tea, which can be made using grated gingerroot, hot water, lemon juice and honey. 10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<13::AID-FFJ939>3.0.CO;2-M. Chemical composition of ginger oil . 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