2. The government made no progress in creating conditions conducive to the safe, dignified, and voluntary return of the 740,000 Rohingya women, men, and children who fled to Bangladesh beginning in August 2017. 69.2 per cent of households use firewood as their main source of energy (Census, 2014). Between 2001 and 2010, sea-level rise in coastal areas caused cultivated lands inundated, and ground water contamination. Fire outbreak risks may become more frequent. The contribution of GHGs from the transport sector was 20 per cent in 2002 (INC, 2012). The government has partnered with UNDP to strengthen agricultural communities and empower women to mitigate the social and economic impacts of climate change. Unsustainable agricultural practices and encroachment on forested areas (for example through slash and burn) have major environmental implications. 15/10/2018 Myanmar is highly vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather conditions. Increasing sea temperatures and changes to seawater chemical composition affected marine biodiversity, particularly coral reef ecosystems. There is also a risk of erosion for dams that may result in life-threatening hazards if they collapse. Methane, contributes 4-9% 6. In 2010, severe drought diminished village water sources across the country and destroyed agricultural yields of peas, sugar cane, tomato, and rice. Carbon dioxide, contributes 9-26% 5. Acquired funding and proper planning has allowed Myanmar to better prepare for the impacts of climate change by enacting programs which teach its people new farming methods, rebuild its infrastructure with materials resilient to natural disasters, and transition various … The industry sector and coal production are going to expand. You can visit any of our websites to find out what we're doing and how you can get involved. Climate change will affect forest carbon pools in some countries of the region. Nitrous Oxide 8. Climate change and disasters threaten the long-term sustainability of development in Asia and the Pacific. ActionAid has teams of people working around the world. For example, if climate change is a highly political issue, it may be useful to steer the conversation towards observed and projected changes for specific endpoints of concern (e.g., changes in 25-year storm event or the intensity of brief downpours) or green infrastructure's cobenefits to a community's livability and economic vitality. Myanmar is ecologically diverse: forest and ecosystem services benefit a range of socio-economic sectors and local livelihoods. 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. In the United States, forests occupy approximately 740 million acres, about one third of the country's total land area. Eighty of these storms (6.4 per cent of the total) reached Myanmar’s coastline. Myanmar will be part of the climate change solution at the UN Climate Action Summit being held in New York on Monday. From 1989-1998, the annual deforestation rate in Myanmar is estimated at 466,420 hectares per year. Climate change is likely to impact freshwater biodiversity. Flash floods, inundation, destruction of houses and basic infrastructure by tropical storms and cyclones. Cyclone Nargis hit the Ayeyarwady Delta in May 2008. It left 138,373 dead and affected a further 2.4 million people. The services provided by the eco-system are vulnerable to changes in temperature, seasons and other effects of global warming. Increasing temperatures and erratic precipitation patterns will create favourable conditions for the spread of infectious diseases. The progressive melting of glaciers may have an impact on the Himalayan region of Myanmar which provides large quantities of water to many parts of Myanmar. There have been notable changes in the flowering and fruiting seasons/times of plant species. Salinization is also a threat in coastal areas. The rise in temperature in Myanmar is expected to have negative impacts on agricultural production and food security. Ozone, contributes 3-7% 7. Higher temperatures will reduce the development time for pathogens and thereby increase transmission rates e.g. Climate change is a critical challenge that Southeast Asia must confront as the region seeks to expand its economy, McKinsey Global Institute said in a report. mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue will increase. Changes in temperature and precipitation levels, as well as extreme climate events (drought and floods) have caused forest die-back, conversion of forests to grasslands/steppes/deserts and increased the spread of invasive species/insect pests. Cyclone Giri hit Rakhine State in October 2010, destroying 21,242 houses and affecting at least 224,212 people. According to the Global Climate Risk Index, Myanmar ranks among the top three countries most affected by weather related events, which has led to massive displacement of people and the destruction of livelihoods, crops and other food sources. Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960. An increase in the prevalence of drought events: Rainfall variability including erratic and record-breaking intense rainfall events: An increase in extreme high temperatures: (1) Agriculture, Livestock and Food Security, (2) Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Impact of Climate Change and the Case of Myanmar, Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, Frequently Asked Questions on Climate Change in Myanmar, An increase in the prevalence of drought events, An increase in intensity and frequency of cyclones/strong winds, Rainfall variability including erratic and record-breaking intense rainfall events, An increase in the occurrence of flooding and storm surge, Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Policy Brief 6 – Building a Resilient Myanmar Society through Education, Science, and Technology (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 5 – Managing Climate Risks for People’s Health and Well-Being (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 4 – Building Resilient, Inclusive and Sustainable Towns and Cities in Myanmar (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 3 – Resilient and Low-Carbon Energy, Transport and Industrial Systems for Sustainable Growth (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 2 – Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Healthy Ecosystems (Myanmar Version), Drought years were frequent in the 1980s and the 1990s, and there was a severe drought in 2010. 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