Also Known As: Rough Leaf Dogwood Botanical Name: Cornus drummondii Plant Type: Ornamental Tree Light Requirement: Full Sun, Partial Shade Water Demand: Low Landscape Use: Fragrance, Focal Point/Specimen Plant, Erosion Control, Screen - Physical Ornamental Value: White, Burgundy Fall Color Native/Adapted: Native Wildlife Value: Butterflies , Birds, Mammals They are simple, opposite, ovate (egg-shaped), and smooth margined. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. Rough leafed Dogwood in Siloam Springs. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. COMMON NAMES: ROUGHLEAF DOGWOOD, NATIVE DOGWOOD BOTANICAL NAME: Cornus drummondii (KOR-nus druh-MUN-dee-eye) FAMILY: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) TYPE: Deciduous large shrub or small tree Sun or shade HEIGHT: 15 feet SPREAD: 15 feet SPACING: 6 - 12 feet HABIT: Small tree, blooms after leaves have formed in late spring with white … Other dogwood types have larger and more open clusters of petals. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Rough Leaved Dogwood. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Discuss this image. Cornus drummondii KOR-nus drum-MON-dee-eye. Site visitors since March 1, 2016. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. Introduction. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Noteworthy Characteristics. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. Overall, most flowering dogwood leaves will be arranged opposite one another but you may also notice a few leaf pairs that aren't perfectly aligned. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Cornus drummondii (Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrub in the family dogwoods. The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. This pretty understory tree grows 10 to 20 feet and can also succeed in full sun. Flowers are visited by Red Admiral. The issues affecting dogwood trees are too numerous for this writing, but we can cover some of the most common dogwoo… Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. Others can be purple-black or white. The growing operation is open to the public along with delivery and planting services. ïC Cornus drummondii. endstream endobj 82 0 obj <. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers, Young tree of mountain dogwood and flowers. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. In this article, you’ll find the 10 most commonly asked questions about growing dogwood trees in the landscape, complete with our best … The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. This timing This shrubby plant has clusters of small white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and distinctive red bark. This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. The green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. If you've planted your dogwood tree in the last 2-3 years, this is completely normal--your tree simply hasn't gotten its roots system completely established. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. %PDF-1.5 %âãÏÓ Roughleaf Dogwood, close up of leaves. The dogwood plant has dark glossy green foliage made up of pointed oval leaves. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. Rough-leaf dogwood does well in drought conditions. Even after the leaves fall the red stems contrast with the white berry-like fruit, which is eaten by many birds and small mammals. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. These plants are relatively hardy but they do have their Achilles heels. Roughleaf dogwood. ††}gð0°hUô10°´‚iV¹ü,v¼aFQ€ OQ$\ Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. Comments: The scientific name honors Thomas Drummond, a Scottish botanist who lived from 1780-1835. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. Common names are from state and federal lists. It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. Required fields are marked *, Vitex Trees (Chaste Trees): Types, Flowers, Leaves, Care (Pictures), The Best Privacy Trees: List of Great Privacy Fence Trees (With Pictures), How to Choose The Best Type of Natural Christmas Tree, Small Trees for Landscaping Backyard, Front Yard, Small Spaces. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. This plant has no children Legal Status. Leaves are opposite, simple, 1–5 inches long, ½â€“2½ inches wide, conspicuously veined, lacking teeth, egg- to lance-shaped; upper surface olive green and rather rough-hairy above; lower surface paler with woolly, dense hairs; leaf stalk slender, rough-hairy, green to reddish. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. This small, deciduous, bushy native blooms after leaves have formed in late spring with white flower clusters. Dogwood anthracnose was confirmed in St. Louis in 2012 and again in 2015. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. The four-inch-long green leaves have a net veining system that … In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. The species Cornus florida ) is the layered horizontal branches with upturned.... 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